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Red, green and blue single-mode lasing in heterogeneously coupled system

9 Sep | By Biophotonics.World
Red, green and blue single-mode lasing in heterogeneously coupled system
a, Sketch of the multimode lasing from isolated microspheres (top), and RGB single-mode lasing from heterogeneously coupled microcavities (bottom), where each microsphere functions as not only the laser source but also the mode modulator for the other resonators. b, Schematic illustration of the mode selection mechanism in heterogeneously coupled system. The lasing mode (λ1) is well confined in the left resonator because of the low transmission loss introduced from filter cavity at λ1, resulting in a blue single-mode lasing action. In the same coupled system, when the right resonator serves as lasing cavity, another lasing mode (λ2) dominates the right resonator, and single-mode lasing in other gain region can be realized. With the two resonators in the heterogeneously coupled system providing different optical gains, both of them can be applied as laser cavities. Modulated by the right resonator, single-mode lasing can be achieved in the left microcavity, and vice versa. c, tunable red, green and blue single
Image source: Light Publishing Center, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
By: by Yuxiang Du, Chang-Ling Zou, Chunhuan Zhang, Kang Wang, Chan Qiao, Jiannian Yao, and Yong Sheng Zhao

Miniaturized lasers capable of emitting over the full visible spectrum have been demonstrated to be an essential tool for versatile photonic devices ranging from sensors to full-color laser display panels. For most of these devices, multicolor microlasers with high spectral purity are of great importance because the laser emission at multiple frequencies can lead to temporal fluctuations and false signaling. Single-mode microlasers, due to the advantages of low noise and good monochromaticity, hold a promising potential in promoting the advancement of functional photonic devices. Up to now, several strategies have been developed to achieve single-mode lasers. However, most of these strategies allow us to achieve single-mode lasers operate in only one gain region because of the intrinsic difficulties in simultaneously fabricating distinct materials. As a key requirement of the fields of photonics and optoelectronics, multicolor single-mode microlasers capable of emitting over the full visible spectrum, particularly the red, green and blue (RGB) color regions, still remains a big challenge. 

In a new paper published in Light Science & Application, a team of scientists, led by Professor Yong Sheng Zhao from Key Laboratory of Photochemistry, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences and co-workers have demonstrated tunable red, green and blue single-mode laser in an optimized heterogeneously coupled cavities constructed with three spherical microcavities incorporated with distinct gain media. The microcavities with perfect circle boundary and smooth surface were applied as high-quality WGM resonators. Benefiting from the outstanding flexibilities, RGB lasing was obtained by doping the corresponding dyes into different WGM microcavities. Different color-emissive spherical cavities were integrated to form a heterogeneously coupled system by using a strategy of nanoarchitectonics. In such a heterogeneously coupled system, each individual microsphere serves as not only the laser source but also the filter for the other resonator, which would enable the output of single-mode laser from individual microcavities. Furthermore, we fabricated heterogeneously coupled system, which permits optical coupling between multiple resonators, thereby realizing tunable RGB single-mode microlasers. The results demonstrate a unique approach for the modulation of lasing modes in heterogeneously coupled cavities and shed new light on the generation of microlasers capable of emitting over the full visible spectrum with high spectral purity for optoelectronic integrated system.

"Benefiting from the doping flexibility of organic materials, the color of the single-mode lasers output from the heterogeneously coupled structure can be freely designed by doping different gain media into the spherical microcavities" they added.

"We believe that the reported work will provide insights into the achievements of heterogeneous microstructures with advanced functionalities, which will not only inspire people to reunderstand the connection between photonic functions and nanoarchitectonics, but also lead to innovation of concepts and structure design of functional elements for photonic integrated circuits." the scientists forecast.

Source: Light Publishing Center, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Related journal article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41377-020-00392-7 

Methods and Techniques: Laser 

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