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Bare fiber Bragg grating immunosensor for real-time detection of Escherichia colibacteria

26 Apr | By Biophotonics.World
Bare fiber Bragg grating immunosensor for real-time detection of Escherichia colibacteria
Image source: Journal of Biophotonics
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Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria have been identified to be the cause of variety of health outbreaks resulting from contamination of food and water. Timely and rapid detection of the bacteria is thus crucial to maintain desired quality of food products and water resources. A novel methodology proposed in this paper demonstrates for the first time, the feasibility of employing a bare fiber Bragg grating (bFBG) sensor for detection of E. coli bacteria. The sensor was fabricated in a photo-sensitive optical fiber (4.2 µm/80 µm). Anti-E. coli antibody was immobilized on the sensor surface to enable the capture of target cells/bacteria present in the sample solution. Strain induced on the sensor surface as a result of antibody immobilization and subsequent binding of E. colibacteria resulted in unique wavelength shifts in the respective recording of the reflected Bragg wavelength, which can be exploited for the application of biosensing. Functionalization and antibody binding on to the fiber surface was cross validated by the color development resulting from the reaction of an appropriate substrate solution with the enzyme label conjugated to the anti-E. coli antibody. Scanning electron microscope image of the fiber, further verified the E. coli cells bound to the antibody immobilized sensor surface. The article was published by Rajesh Srinivasan et al. in J. Biophtonics, 2017, 2, 224; DOI: 10.1002/jbio.201500208
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